Decoding and Implementing Sustainable Development Goals
What are the Sustainable Development Goals
On 25th September 2015, UN adopted a Resolution crystallized from human dreams and aspirations. Officially, this Resolution is also known as Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Resolution consists of 17 goals and 169 targets to be achieved by 2030 AD. The 17 goals of the resolution are the Global Goals for Sustainable Development, thus known as the Sustainable Development Goals. The seventeen Sustainable Development Goals includes all the needs and wishes of the common people and the dreams and aspirations of the Government for the planet and citizens.
The seventeen Sustainable Development Goals targeted by UN are:
- No Poverty
- Zero Hunger
- Good Health and Well-Being
- Quality Education
- Gender Equality
- Clean Water and Sanitation
- Affordable and Clean Energy
- Decent Work and Economic Growth
- Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
- Reduced Inequalities
- Sustainable Cities and Communities
- Responsible Consumption and Production
- Climate Action
- Life below Water
- Life on Land
- Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
- Partnerships for the Goals
Shaping Tomorrow’s Initiative
After UN’s Resolution of targeting the Sustainable Development Goals, Shaping Tomorrow recognized the importance of achieving these goals for the welfare of the people and this planet. These SDGs present a holistic dream and a huge opportunity to create a healthy, prosperous and sustainable State/India with happy people. To achieve this dream we must resolve to “Invent the Future” to “Shape This Tomorrow”.
So, Shaping Tomorrow initiated a “Centre for SDGs” to collaborate both the common people and the Governments of India into a partnership through them and work towards achieving the SDGs. Shaping Tomorrow will work on various strategies towards achieving the dreams and aspirations of the people and the Governments.
Assam’s SDGs Initiative
Shaping Tomorrow began by approaching the Government of Assam to work on this initiative of creating Governance of Tomorrow. There were a number of presentations prepared and presented to the Government’s Chief Secretaries, Principal Secretaries, etc. There were various suggestions coming in from some of these highly recognized persons. They were considered and implemented. Shaping Tomorrow’s influencing skills were put to test.
After a lot of hard work, the presentation was forwarded to former Chief Minister of Assam, Mr. Tarun Gogoi. Finally, the SDGs proposal was discussed and approved in the cabinet. So, in September 2015, the Government of Assam accepted the suggestions of Shaping Tomorrow in regard to “Future – Ready Governance” and also the suggestion to take up this transformational initiative around the theme of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Shaping Tomorrow has since been working with the State Government and UN Agencies for implementation of SDGs. The partnership between Shaping Tomorrow and Government of Assam for implementation of SDGs has already rejuvenated the State Government’s machinery and has resulted in devising of innovative and effective strategies for implementing the SDGs. The Vision Assam 2030 document was created by the Government of Assam by working with Shaping Tomorrow.
Jeffrey Sachs, leader in sustainable development and senior UN advisor, said “It is truly special that Assam has become the first Indian state to formally adopt the SDGs for its development path… Sound policy-making requires long-term planning that integrates strategies across many challenges, including food & nutritional security , social service delivery, energy policy, water resource management, urbanization, infrastructure, human rights, biodiversity, adaption to climate change, mitigating greenhouse gas emission, sustainable business practices and more”.
Jeffrey Sachs also said “Assam’s approach to maintain balance on the three pillars of development viz. economic, social and environmental through adoption of SDGs in the State on mission mode will rejuvenate the whole world… I am sure that by turning this aspiration into a reality by 2030, Assam would become the world leader in sustainable development”.
SDG’s Implementation Framework
For the Sustainable Development Goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and the common people. All citizens (men, women, and children), stakeholders (corporate, academia, civil society) & institutions have to work together as Partners with a shared Vision.
How to Implement the SDGs
This is the key question to start with the implementation of the SDGs.
The Government has to take the lead, with each State creating its own vision and deciding its own priorities, strategies & pathways, and the States should also work with other States and Government of India.
The time-horizon to achieve these Goals is 15 years (2030 AD). The timeline can be divided into smaller segments including 3 years/ 1 year Plans.
.The Government may develop 3 key documents for transformational achievement of SDGs, namely:
- Vision an Architecture Document
- Goal-wise Strategy and Action Framework
- Three and One Year Action Plans
However, to follow this, it is essential to have intensive and extensive deliberations/ consultants with all stakeholders for this purpose.